London was an ancient human habitation, dating from the days when the Roman army had built its outside walls. Without means to provide sanitation for all its inhabitants, the city evolved into a breeding ground for epidemics.
In seventeenth-century London, people who lived in poverty were believed to be at a high risk for contagion Hays Residents of London deposited their rubble outside of their homes so that the rain could wash the trash away Shields Because rats lived near garbage, the rodents also resided closely to humans, particularly the poor. Nonetheless, when the rats died, the fleas found new human hosts. When fleas that were infected with the disease broke human skin, the microorganism, Yersinia pestis, attacked the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of lymph glands.
Therefore, the protuberances were symptomatic of plague Appleby Some people believed that plague was caused by natural factors, but others believed that plague was obtained through an occult element.
Black Death Essay - The Black Death
Residents of London expected a penalty for their corrupt actions as a result of religious persecution, killing of a king, and the absurdness of government. In fact, those who believed in supernatural causes of the disease sought counsel from a deity through prayer, omens, and charms Hays As a result of the plague, the community of London suffered both physically and socially.
Immediately upon contracting the infection, one would have an array of flu-like symptoms, such as chills, queasiness, and regurgitation. In addition, sufferers developed signs of apprehensiveness and occasionally derangement Shields Some people carried flowers with them to act as a perfume to hide the bitter smell Trueman.
Andrew B. Appleby stated that the plague could be in bubonic or pneumonic form. The pneumonic form was transferred through sneezing and coughing around others. The pneumonic plague originated from the bubonic plague because victims sometimes acquired pneumonia along with the bubonic form.
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The pneumonic plague was occasional in England. The symptoms included the coughing of blood Furthermore, the affliction took a tremendous toll on the overall health of each victim by causing dark round marks around the groin, armpits, and neck. Also, the petechiae, or black spots, arose in other areas of the body Hays Unfortunately, these blemishes often turned into infected pus-filled welts.
For instance, after developing the ailment, some people would die within hours, and others would live as long as a few days. Entire families were destroyed by this annihilating illness Shields Equally important, the societal effects of plague were immense. In , 68, casualties were recorded Britannica Consequently, the cadavers were covered with shrouds and placed in a mass grave because the sudden rise in deaths caused there to be a greater demand for coffins, yet a shorter supply.
Not only did people lose loved ones, but they also had difficulty carrying out traditional funerals because the exposed corpses raised the risk of contagion. Gathering the dead was a difficult task to complete for the bearers. Bearers had to fetch bodies infested with the deadly plague, along with the bearers of the carts.
The dead carts were used mainly for large parishes. The carts would grind while being pushed down the street, and the bearers would ring a bell while continually yelling for residents to release the corpses to the cart. Sadly, family of the dead had to witness their loved ones being towed away with the loss of dignity and respect for the deceased Shields Since the plague escalated rapidly, the rich people of London left the city for the safe countryside.
This epidemic is known as the Black Death, or the Bubonic Plague. The plague was carried by rats and fleas along the trading posts, rapidly covering Europe. The plague is greatly effective when it attacks the weak and at this point in time Europe was already weakened from poor farming. The Black Death crept through walls, ceilings, and floors.
Part B: Summary of Evidence
But there was no avoiding it. One tiny insect forever changed the course of history in Europe. The spread of the plague was vastly wide. Between and , the Black Death traveled from China to Europe. The plague is carried by rodent and then it is transmitted to humans from the fleas. It reached the Mediterranean Basin in Then the Plague entered France, and in Paris it hit maximum death lose.
Black Plague of London 1665
Averaging as many as people a day. At this point the plague finally reached the region in which it entered. These outbreaks and the spread still continue to this day, but with advanced medical techniques it is no longer a major threat. The Plague is caused by the bacillus Yersinia Pestis, known as the most fatal disease of the Middle Ages. Stefani The Black Death varied in to three different forms: bubonic, pneumonic, and septiceamic. Rat fleas spread the Black Plague. When the Black Plague is in the body, a bacillus enters the blood stream. Galen's theory was that the Black Plague was in the air.
The Black Plague killed millions during the middle Ages. Their houses were also homes for the black rats, which lived in their piles of garbage or on the thatched roof. People usually didn't try to get rid of the rats, because the rats helped finish off the scraps of food on the floor, and they didn't know that the rats had fleas that could give them the Black Plague. The Black Plague effected Europe in many ways.
It took about four hundred years for Europe to recover back to the population that it had before the Black Plague. Currently just mention the words black plague or bubonic plague, and quickly shivers run up and down a humans spine. Many people always wondered why the plague was called the Bubonic plague or the Black Plague.
After about a week the red spots would gradually turn black. This is where the name Black Plague originated from.
The Black Plague
The Black Plague was a very in depth disease. The Black Death plague, also known as the Bubonic plague, attacked Europe in On , the name Black Death, or the Bubonic Plague was not used. There are several explanations on the origins of the Black Death Plague.